In this volume

2004 Vol. 3 No. 1

Body Image and the Institution: A bodywork group in psychiatric day care

psychiatric day care, psychiatry, body image, psychodynamic movement analysis, bodywork

This is an excerpt from the content:

…”Dance Movement Therapy (DMT), although still not widely known in Psychiatric Day Care settings in the UK, is a growing discipline reaching for new opportunities within the National Health System (NHS). This article discusses it’s inclusion within a multi-disciplinary team in this setting. The focus is placed on the idea of a ‘potential space’ to be explored – in the interface between client and institution – where aspects of body image betray shared unconscious feelings and beliefs. Through in-depth Movement Analysis, environmental and clinical issues are examined. Although many concepts from Movement Analysis are widely utilised in this article, its scope can only offer a generic idea of their implications for psychodynamic practice.” (pp 2-12)



Dancing the Dream: An exploration of the possibility of using dream images and dance in a therapeutic context

dream analysis, psychoanalysis, authentic movement, psyche

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This article …“explored the idea of taking the symbols that arose in a dream into movement and considered how dance and dreams may have a therapeutic use for people interested in self reflection, exploration and personal growth.” (pp 13-15)

Dance Movement Therapy in Switzerland: The challenges of working with dance and movement therapy & DMT and refined body image (RBI) in the treatment of whiplash-injured people

Kestenberg Movement Profile, Dance therapy rehabilitation, Body reference, Counter reference, Refined Body Image, Swiss dance therapy

A paired paper from two practitioners in Switzerland. The first discusses research ideas in dance movement therapy (DMT) exploring the Kestenberg Movement Profile (KMP) within a large control group that grew from smaller projects that analysed homogeneity of efficacy within KMP data. The results were significant in a range of treatment situations. The second discussed DMT rehabilitation in chronic pain management, in particular the development of Refined Body Image (RBI). The RBI tool for body reference and counter-reference was applied to whiplash populations and the treatment with RBI illustrated in patient observations. This paired paper provides both exploration of empirical research and its practical applications in Switzerland. (pp 16-19)


Reflections of Moment to Moment Creative Change – Penny Best workshops in Melbourne

play, supervision, therapeutic relationships, three dimensional relating

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…“Moment to Moment Creative Change’, was a five day event organised by the DTAA and presented by Penny Best. It was a combination of ‘Three dimensional relating’ and ‘Relational Creative Processes Model of Supervision’. The first reflection provides a sense of the overall, highlighting the importance of ‘play’ emphasised by Penny, whilst the other reflections relate more specifically to the content of particular sessions or days.” (pp 20-24)


Study abstract: Personal Meanings and Artistic Processes: a study of multi-modal improvisation

improvisation, experiential phenomenology, heuristics, hermeneutics, postmodern research, intersubjectivity

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This study illuminates the experience of improvisation across modes of artistic forming. It examines the perceptions of a number of artists, including the researcher, who participated over an extended period in a series of multi-modal improvisations and related artistic constructions. Experiential phenomenology, heuristics, and hermeneutics inform the research methodology. The study explores ways of describing the inner experience of artistic making in the context of individual and collaborative processes involving movement, sound, forms of writing, speech and the medium of film. (p. 27)

Boundary Issues – Reflections on Self and Others

boundary issues, client boundaries, object relations theory, authentic movement

This article interprets literature about boundaries, in particular a book entitled Self and Others.

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…”This book highlights the importance of the formation of boundaries as a developmental task for human beings. This developmental task is seated in Object Relation theory and is essential in the development of a sense of self. Juliette also highlights the significance of the mothers’ role in the successful completion of this task and how vital it is for us as a society to support mothers in such an important role- shaping the psyche of our future.” (pp 28-29)



2004 Vol. 3 No. 2

Being in the Body: Finding reconnection after 9/11

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Critical Incident Stress Reactions, restorative therapy, 9/11, trauma

Specific to the events post 9/11, this article extends discussion about healing trauma to the larger field of trauma psychotherapy and is additional to much literature positioning trauma memory within the body. Concerned with embodied approaches to Critical Incident Stress Reactions (CISR) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), illustrative vignettes were compiled from a therapeutic program for 9/11 victims. Elaboration in further case studies explored individual differences in PTSD; conditions in which children presented with the effects of prolonged fear and adults with immune disorders, depression and substance abuse. Hence specific therapeutic aims and methodologies were implemented that produced a gradual return to appropriate functioning through the restorative practice of movement therapy. The number of cases in this article incomparably addresses treatment for large scale pathologies and community oriented healing. (pp 2 – 11)


The Context of Dance and Dance Movement Therapy in Brazil

Dance history, professional development, Movement Psychotherapy, post graduate training, autism spectrum

The place of dance in Brazilian culture from early times to it’s present divergent therapeutic practices, introduces the challenges that prevent dance movement therapy from being fully validated and accepted as a psychotherapeutic intervention. Discussion of the processed required for professional development includes the shift of realisation of the benefits of dance and publication of articles that introduce DMT to the public. The efforts the author is going to in order to cope with the challenges, includes using new terminology and offering training at post graduate levels. (pp 12-13)


The Dance that connects Feldenkrais with Dance Therapy

Feldenkrais method, Awareness Through Movement, Functional Integration, professional development

The purpose of this article of personal discovery through learning the Feldenkrais method is to introduce Awareness Through Movement (ATM) and Functional Integration (FI) to those unfamiliar with the techniques. Guided by the author’s integration with ATM and FI, the experience of reading the dance practitioner’s active reflection moves beyond an evaluation of the practice to an informative journey that conversationally explains Feldenkrais within the joy of discovery and learning. (pp 14-16)


Dance – Ideokinesis and Alexander Technique Conversation with Shona Innes

dance performance, private practice, contact improvisation, spontaneous composition, aged care, rehabilitation

This is an edited version of the interview which appeared in Writings on Dance #22, Inheriting Ideokinesis, Summer 2003/04 p 49 – 56. It can be purchased through Dancehouse or from Writings on Dance, at PO Box 106, Malvern, Vic. 3144 or email to

Shona is interviewed by Elizabeth Dempster, exploring her unfolding professional journey across working therapeutically with elderly people in a rehabilitative setting, teaching movement in a university based performance studies program, focussing on movement and her private practice. (pp 16-20)

Energy and Expression: Tracing the influence of Wilhelm Reich in the development of a dance therapist

bioenergetics, somatic therapy, psychoanalysis, Character analysis, Orgonomy, Reichian therapy,

This brief overview of of Wilhelm Reich (1897 – 1957) touches on his contributions to the fields of dance movement therapy, psychotherapy and somatic therapies. He was a primary pioneer in the field of body based psychotherapy. He intended to link scientific, theoretical and therapeutic work to the wider social, political and cultural context he was located within, with his work ranging through medicine, psychiatry, biology, physics, sociology and education. The inclusion of how his work has been integrated within the author’s practice concludes this article. (p. 21)

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Colloquium Brochure: Abstracts -1st International Research Colloquium Dance/Movement Therapy, February 2004, Hannover, Germany

DMT research, randomised control trial, comparative studies, clinical studies, clinical interventions, Movement Analysis, research methodologies

This brochure summarises 20 Research Presentations given by DMTs at the 1st International Colloquium in Dance Movement Therapy. Each presentation described includes a bio of the presenter, a brief description of the research, showcasing the innovative, creative and high standard of research that is being developed and conducted in a broad spectrum of settings. The complete publication – Colloquium Brochure – is available from the DTAA library and it can be purchased from the German Dance Therapy Association – details at the end of the article. (pp 22-33)

2004 Vol. 3 No. 3

Reflecting Processes & Shifting Positions in Dance Movement Therapy

self-reflexivity, Social Constructionist, Neuro Linguistic Programming, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Experiential learning

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This paper reflects an evolving model of training and practice, the Parker-Best Co-Creative Approach. This has emerged out of the authors’ desire to appreciate, wonder about and work with, the richness of difference during the evolution of their collaborative training relationship, over more than a decade. This may be applied in many other contexts of therapy, training and life in general. Together, they have developed a model of relationship which honoured an active appreciation of their very different worldviews, and movement preferences, at specific points in time and context. (pp 2-4)

Moving Stories of Women – A Retrospective

community arts, reflective writing, exhibition, feminine, art making, photography

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“The Moving Stories of Women”, was a community dance project by Rebecca Byrne, Donna Hamilton and the Living Dance community, with photos by Marie Foster. It was held in May 2004 at the Moores Building Contemporary Art Gallery, in Fremantle. The exhibition of photos, stories, artwork and fabric, was made possible by The State of Western Australia through ArtsWA and the Community Arts Network – sponsored by The City of Fremantle and Creative Spaces. This project, set over project over 9 months ‘set out to create a collage of femininity, capturing universal voice through movement, photography, text, drawings and fabric.’ (pp 9-11)

Professional Development Day for Dance Therapists

authentic movement, expressive arts therapies, unconscious, postnatal depression, games, musical instruments

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Wesley Institute hosted a professional development day for dance/movement therapists and those interested in dance therapy or allied movement forms. The day was divided into two parts: an Authentic Movement workshop presented by Linda Murrow, dance therapist and lecturer at RMIT, Melbourne; and a workshop on post-natal depression and dance therapy, presented by Juliette Kirkwood, a graduate of Wesley Institute. The day ended with a time to meet each other and share dance therapy experiences. An overview of each workshop is given, describing different experiential activities and Robyn’s reflective experiencing of engaging in them. (pp 13-14)

Reflections on Connections and Influences

Awareness through movement (ATM), Feldenkrais, Wilhelm Reich, Orgone Energy, Ideokinesis, Alexander Technique

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A very inspiring and successful professional development day organised by the DTAA and Hanny Exiner Memorial Foundation took place on Saturday 4th September, 2004 at Cecil Street Studio.

Ana Irene Gioino reflected on her experience of the workshop: ‘The Dance that connects Feldenkrais and Dance Therapy’, presented by Bella Grossberg, which involved an Awareness Through Movement (ATM), a gentle Feldenkrais session that led into a beautiful personal dance experience. Jenny Czulak Riley reflected on her experience of  Susan Maling’s workshop, ‘The Conscious Body and Emotional Expression’ which provided an experiential exploration of Wilhelm Reich’s (originator of body-based psychotherapy) influence on her work. In conclusion Robyn Price reflected on her experience of the workshop led by Shona Innes: ‘Ideokinesis, Alexander Technique and Dancing’. She touched on the Alexander Technique, but demonstrated in particular how Ideokinesis can facilitate dance experience and integrate imagination and body and allow a deep connection to spontaneous creativity. (pp 15-18)

Wilhelm Reich

psychoanalysis, neuropsychology, psychotherapeutic, breathing postures, touch, bioenergetics, Orgone Energy

A brief overview of William Reichs’ (originator of body-based psychotherapy) career path is outlined commencing with his graduation as a doctor of medicine, moving on to reference to his alternative views, scientific experimentation and research and concluding with a focus on his theoretical perspectives of the body. Amongst Reich’s huge range of theories and discoveries, a focus is given to expanding on how his theories of the body have possibly influenced dance movement therapy, with a link to psychotherapeutic studies and the use of touch. (pp 19-20)

About Betsy – A visitor to Melbourne

Irmgard Bartnieff, Laban Movement Analysis, Labanotation, LMA/BF, back pain

We would like to thank Laban Institute of Movement Studies for allowing us to quote passages from the information in the article – ‘Betsy Kagan – Certified Movement Analyst of the month of March and April 2004’.

Betsy Kagan, a visitor from the USA was in Melbourne in 2004 to present at the 5th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back & Pelvic Pain Effective Diagnosis and Treatment of Lumbopelvic Pain. This article overviews her professional development, as well as an overview of her conference presentation. (pp 21-22)

The Impact of Performance as a Therapeutic Experience

performance, aged care, choreography, touch, rehearsals, transformation

The making of the the performance ‘Paper Dolls’ – a part truth part fiction dance theatre work written and choreographed by DMT Sylvia Forbes is described from it’s inception, with a focus on the main 84 year old character “Connie’. Performed by a multi-aged all female cast ranging from seven to eighty-four years, it required regular rehearsals that supported Connie to experience many therapeutic benefits. The changes in Connie are affirmed by her family’s reflections on her engagement in the project. (pp 23-24)

Study Abstract: An Inquiry into the Lived Experience of Women in a Group Dance Therapy Program

sexual assault, body awareness, memories, associations, transformation, group relationship, inter-subjective

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This research illuminates the lived experience of five women survivors of sexual assault within a group dance therapy program. The setting of the study is an adult therapy program offered to women survivors at the South Eastern Centre Against Sexual Assault, East Bentleigh, Victoria. Five women, aged in their twenties and all survivors of child sexual assault, agreed to participate in the inquiry. Following a phenomenological-hermeneutic methodology, the study seeks to elucidate meanings attributed by the women to their experiences. The inquiry draws on multi-modal sources of verbal and nonverbal evidence, including audio recordings of session conversations; client journals; one-page summaries written by the women at the conclusion of each session; video recordings; and specific movement observations. In keeping with a phenomenological perspective, analysis incorporates systematic step by step reduction, integration and synthesis of data, all the time remaining true to the women’s wording of their experiences. Copy of thesis available at the ERC Library, University of Melbourne. (p. 25)

2004 Vol. 3 No. 4

Evaluation of a Movement and Dance Program in Head Injury Rehabilitation

head injury, rehabilitation, movement range, adaptability, postural awareness, movement confidence

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This thesis reports on the application of Movement and Dance therapy (MDT) in head injury rehabilitation. The research adopted a mixed method approach to examine whether a cause and effect relationship could be established between MDT and movement quality and control. Sub categories of questions posed related to whether MDT could increase movement range; adaptability to the environment; postural awareness and alignment, and movement confidence (p. 21). [/not_logged_in]

Would you like to dance?

Dementia, Alzheimer’s Disease, person-centred care, personhood, facilitation, relationship, research, Kitwood

This talk was presented by Dr Heather Hill (PhD, M.Ed., B.A., Grad. Dip. Movement and Dance, Grad. Cert. Dance Therapy, Professional Member of the Dance Therapy Association) to the 8th National Residential Aged Care Facility Conference for Leisure, Recreation & Lifestyle Staff, Melbourne on 11th November 2004. It addresses the questions: What dance?, Who can dance? and Why dance? with reference to people living with Dementia. The benefits of dance are described in detail, covering the ‘nature of dance’ and the ‘content of dance’, with many adaptable ideas for this and many other settings. (pp 2-8)


Remembering Irmgard

Laban/Bartenieff, Bartenieff Fundamentals™, Labanotation, Alzheimers, movement analysis, pioneer

This article is reprinted with permission from the ADTA newsletter, Vol. 37, No.1 & 2, Spring & Summer, p. 16-18, 2003. Irmgard Bartneiff (1900 – 1981) is the founder of Bartenieff Fundamentals™, here she is remembered by her student Betsy Kagen in a reflective tone, with personal stories and intimate moments shared, whilst her learning is illuminated and exemplified. (pp 8-11)

A Reflection – Looking Beyond the Muscles at the Movement

Bartenieff Fundamanetals™, LMA experientials, biochmechanical model, early development sequences, movement analysis,

Jane describes her participation in Betsy Kagen’s post Conference workshop in “The Fifth interdisciplinary World Conference on Low back pain and pelvic pain”. Betsy’s presentation was titled: “Addressing Injury, Pain and Rehabilitation through Laban/Bartenieff Movement Analysis (LMA/BF): A Holistic Model of Movement”. (pp 11-12)

Affiliation of Space: A presentation of Mandala and the Self in dance therapy

therapeutic space, Jung, humanistic approach, individuation, Integrative Body Therapy (IBT), witnessing

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“Inspired by the archetypal image of the mandala (Jung, 1972) and a body/mind approach to space and awareness, I will describe the way the Self can manifest within the layers of personal, interpersonal and general space and how the potential for healing can be accessed through them and embodied in dance therapy. After defining the Therapeutic Space and the Self, I will offer the universal mandala as a model and metaphor of the healing space. The ‘where’ of therapy in terms of individual process will be discussed from the perspectives of both therapist and client. This includes: the core of the Self connected with the breath, the inner or interpersonal Space found in the relationship between therapist and client and others in the group, and finally moving into the general Space incorporating observation, witnessing and the therapy room.” (pp 14-18)